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Type 1 Diabetes

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Updated December 04, 2012

Definition:

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin, an essential hormone that helps the body turn glucose from food into energy. Without insulin, glucose circulates in the blood instead of entering the cells to become energy. Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age (although it is more common in children and adolescents) and is not due to poor diet, lack of exercise, or other lifestyle choices. Type 2 diabetes is different; the primary problem in Type 2 diabetes is that the body's cells have become resistant to insulin and cannot use it effectively.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include extreme fatigue, hunger, and thirst; frequent urination; and weight loss. Type 1 diabetes is treated with medication and lifestyle changes.

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Also Known As: juvenile diabetes
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